Curriculum Vitae, Patrick Lee


John N. and Jamie D. McAleer Professor of Bioethics

Director, Institute of Bioethics

Franciscan University of Steubenville, Steubenville, OH 43953



email at:


Degrees: Ph. D., Marquette University, 1980

                M.A., Niagara University, 1977

                B.A., University of Dallas, 1974


Teaching Experience:

Professor, 1996 to present, Franciscan University of Steubenville

Associate Professor, 11 yrs., University of St. Thomas and Franciscan University, 1984-1995

Assistant Professor, 3 yrs., University of St. Thomas, 1981-1984

Instructor & Assistant Professor (promoted to Asst. Prof. in 1980), 3 yrs., St. Francis de Sales College, Milwaukee, 1978-81

Teaching Assistant, 2 yrs., Marquette University, 1976-78

High School Teacher, 1 yr., Bishop Lynch High School, Dallas, 1975-76

Teaching Assistant, 1 yr., Niagara University, 1974-75


Memberships: American Catholic Philosophical Association, Society of Christian Philosophers, Fellowship of Catholic Scholars




with Robert P. George, Body-Self Dualism in Contemporary Ethics and Politics, New York:  Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Abortion and Unborn Human Life, Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America, 1996.


Articles in Refereed Journals or Books: 

---"Theology and Thomistic Ethics," Faith and Reason 3 (1979), 47-68.

---"St. Thomas and Avicenna on the Agent Intellect," The Thomist 45 (1981), 41-61.

---"The Permanence of the Ten Commandments: St. Thomas and His Modern Commentators," Theological Studies 42 (1981), 422-443.

---"Aquinas and Scotus on Liberty and Natural Law," Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 56 (1982), 70-78.

---"Language about God and the Theory of Analogy," New Scholasticism, 58 (1984), 40-66.

---"The Relation Between Intellect and Will in Free Choice According to Aquinas and Scotus," The Thomist 49 (1985), 321- 342.

---"Aquinas on Knowledge of Truth and Existence," New Scholasticism 60 (1986), 46-71.

---"Existential Propositions in the Thought of St. Thomas Aquinas," The Thomist 52 (1988), 605-626.

---"Reasons and Religious Belief," Faith and Philosophy, 6 (1989), 19-34.

---"Etienne Gilson's Thomist Realism, A Review Article," New Scholasticism, 43 (1989), 81-100.

---"Principles of Catholic Scholarship," in Proceedings of the Fellowship of Catholic Scholars, 1988.

---"Personhood, the Moral Standing of the Unborn, and Abortion," Linacre Quarterly 57 (1990), 80-89.

---"Self-Consciousness and the Right to Life," in Abortion: A New Generation of Catholic Responses, ed. Stephan Heaney (Braintree, Massachusetts: Pope John Center, 1992), 73-84.

---"Evidentialism, Plantinga, and the Rationality of Religious Belief," in Rational Faith: Catholic Responses to Reformed Epistemology, ed. Linda Zagzebski (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame, 1993), 14-167.

---"Existence, Truth and Realism," in Saints, Sovereigns, and Scholars, ed. R.A. Herrera, James Lehrberger, O.Cist., M.E. Bradford (Peter Lang: New York, 1993), 95-106.

---the following articles in Encyclopedia of Catholic Doctrine: Absolute Moral Norms, Capital Sins, Cardinal Virtues, Choice, Conscience, Consequentialism, Cooperation, Deontology, Double Effect, Formation of Conscience, Free Choice, Hedonism, Human Goods, Human Virtues, Legalism, Modes of Responsibility, Natural Law, Passions, Positivism, Practical Reason, Probabilism, Proportionalism, Relativism, Subjectivism, Synderesis, Teleology, Utilitarianism, Vices.

---"Human Beings are Animals," International Philosophical Quarterly 37 (1997), 291-304.

---"Is St. Thomas's Natural Law Theory Naturalist?" American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 61 (1997), 567-588.

---with Robert P. George, "What Sex Can Be: Self-Alienation, Illusion, or One-Flesh Union," American Journal of Jurisprudence 42 (1997), 135-157.

---"The Goodness of Creation, Evil, and Christian Teaching" The Thomist 64 (2000), 239-270.

---"Personhood, Dignity, Suicide, and Euthanasia," National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (2001), 329-344.

---"Germain Grisez’s Christian Humanism," American Journal of Jurisprudence 46 (2002), 137-152.

---"Does God Have Emotions," in God Under Fire: Modern Scholarship Reinvents God, eds. Douglas Huffman and Eric Johnson (Grand Rapids, Mi: Zondervan, 2002), 211-230.

---with John Haldane, "St. Thomas Aquinas on Human Ensoulment," Philosophy 78 (2003), 255-278.

--- “The Moral Status of the Human Embryo,” in Nicholas Lund-Molfese and Michael Kelly, eds., Human Dignity and Reproductive Technology (New York:  University Press of America, 2003), 71-80. 

---with John Haldane, “Rational Souls and the Beginning of Life,” Philosophy 78 (2003), 532-540.

---"The Pro-Life Argument from Substantial Identity: A Defense," Bioethics 18 (2004), 249-263.

--- “Are There Exceptionless Moral Norms?” in Nicholas C. Lund-Molfese and Michael Kelly, eds., Bioethics:  A Culture War (New York:  University Press of America, 2004), 31-41

---with Robert P. George, “The Wrong of Abortion,” in Andrew I. Cohen and Christopher Wellman,  eds., Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics (New York:  Blackwell Publishers, 2005), 13-26.

--- “Abortion and Christian Bioethics:  The Continuing Ethical Importance of Abortion,” Christian Bioethics 10 (2004), 1-31.

--- “The Human Body and Sexuality in the Teaching of Pope John Paul II,” in C. Tollefsen, (ed.), John Paul II’s Contribution to Catholic Bioethics (The Netherlands:  Springer, 2004), 107-120. 

--- “Soul, Body and Personhood,” American Journal of Jurisprudence 49 (2004), 87-125. 

--- “Marriage and Acts Reproductive in Kind,” Vera Lex, Journal of the International Natural Law Society 6 (2005), 163-182.


--- “Accepting God’s Offer of Personal Communion, in the Words and Deeds of Christ, Handed on in the Body of Christ, His Church,”  in Mark J. Cherry, ed., The Death of Metaphysics; the Death of Culture (Dordrecht:  Springer, 2006), 3-30.


--- “Interrogational Torture,” American Journal of Jurisprudence 51 (2006), 131-147. 


--- “Embryonic Human Beings,” The Journal of Contemporary Health Law and Policy 22 (2006), 424-438.


--- “Substantial Identity and the Right to Life:  A Rejoinder to Dean Stretton,” Bioethics 21 (2007), 93-97.


--- “Evil as Such is a Privation,” American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly (2007).


 --- “The Papal Allocution Concerning Care for PVS Patients:  A Reply to Fr. O’Rourke,” in Christopher Tollefsen, ed. Artificial Nutrition and Hydration, The New Catholic Debate (The Netherlands:  Springer, 2008).


---with Robert P. George, “The Nature and Basis of Human Dignity,” in Human Dignity and Bioethics, Essays Commissioned by the President’s Council on Bioethics (Washington, DD, March 2008), 409-434, reprinted on Ratio Juris, 2008.


--- “Marriage, Procreation, and Same-Sex Unions,” The Monist 91 (2008), 422-445.


---with Robert P. George, “What Male-Female Complementarity Makes Possible:  Marriage as a Two-in-One-Flesh Union,” Theological Studies 69 (2008), 641-662. 


---with Robert P. George, “Embryonic Human Persons.  Talking Point on Morality and Human Embryo Research,” EMBO Reports, 10 (2009), 301-306


---“Human Nature and Moral Goodness,” in Mark Cherry, ed., The Normativity of the Natural (New York:  Springer, 2009), 45-54.


---with Maureen Condic and Robert P. George, “Ontological and Ethical Implications of Direct Nuclear Reprogramming: Response to Magill and Neaves,” Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal  19 (2009), 33-40. 



Some Recent Articles in Popular Journals: 


---“Mission Impossible:  Obama on Abortion,” in National Review Online, October 15, 2008, at:


---“Why Marriage is Inherently Heterosexual,” originally in The Public Discourse, available at:


---“Obama on Abortion:  How About Some ‘Vigorous Debate,’” online at Public Discourse, July 24, 2009, at:



---with Maureen Condic and Robert P. George, “The Grail Searchers,” online at National Review Online, July 20, 2009, at:



---Mission Impossible:  Obama on Abortion,” in National Review Online, October 15, 2008, at:


---“Why Marriage is Inherently Heterosexual,” originally in The Public Discourse, available at:


---with Robert P. George, “Embryonic Issues,” National Review Online Jan 22, 2007, at:

--- “Human-Embryo Liberation,” National Review Online, January 25, 2006.

---with Robert P. George, “The Human Embryo from Day 1 to Day 14,” New Atlantis, Summer, 2006.

---with Robert P. George,  Science Gets Duped Again,” Ethics and Public Policy Center, online at:,pubID.2665/pub_detail.asp

---with Robert P. George, “Fundamentalists, We?” National Review Online, Oct. 3, 2006, at:

---with Robert P. George, “Silver Lining, a Reply to Lee Silver” National Review Online Oct. 19, 2006, at:


Some Recent Invited Lectures:

    October 13, “The Personhood of the Unborn,” Lecture, Annual Banquet of New Hampshire Right to Life, Manchester, New Hampshire



December 12, “The Dignity of the Person and End of Life Issues,” Lecture, conference for physicians, nurses and Carmelite Sisters hosted by the         Carmelite Sisters at Santa Teresita Nursing Home, Los Angeles


February 25, 2009, “The Right and the Good in Natural Law,” Lecture, Conference on ‘Making Men Moral,’ Union University, Jackson, Tennessee.



April 25, 2009, “Human Life at its Beginning and End,” lecture: Conference hosted by ENDOW (Educating on the Nature and Dignity of Women), Washington, DC


April 22, 2008, “Embryonic Stem Cell Research,” University of Wisconsin at Wausau, Wausau, Wisconsin.


May 2, 2008, “Is it Morally Right to End Early Human Life?” panel discussion with Jeff McMahan, Don Marquis, and Peter Singer, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey. 


August 14, “The Human Person as Body and Soul,” Conference for Christian Students, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ


December 12, “The Dignity of the Person and End of Life Issues,” conference for physicians, nurses and Carmelite Sisters hosted by the Carmelite Sisters at Santa Teresita Nursing Home, Los Angelos

Jan. 27, 2008, “The Embryonic Human Being,” Joint Conference of the St. Thomas More Society and the Catholic Medical Association, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA. 

 “Same-Sex ‘Marriage’: A Debate, April 3, 2007, Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Indiana.

“The Immorality of Embryonic Stem Cell Research,” April 17, 2007, Conference on Embryonic Stem Cell Research, Fordham University, New York.

 Book Reviews:

Review: William E. May, Catholic Bioethics and the Gift of Life, 2nd edition, forthcoming in National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly.

Review: John T. Noonan, A Private Choice, Abortion in America in the Seventies, Linacre Quarterly 47 (1980), 184- 186.

Review: Philip E. Devine, The Ethics of Homicide, Linacre Quarterly 47 (1980), 370-373.

Review: E. Gratsch, et al., Principles of Catholic Theology, Faith and Reason 8 (1982), 87-89.

Review: Anthony Battaglia, Toward a Reformulation of Natural Law, Linacre Quarterly 49 (1982), 281-283.

Review: Jeffrey Stout, The Flight from Authority, The Thomist 48 (1984), 483-489.

Review: Peter Klein, Certainty: A Refutation of Scepticism, The Thomist 48 (1984), 690-694.

Review: Paul Weiss, Privacy, Modern Schoolman, 43 (1986), 149-51.

Review: Bernard Doering, Jacques Maritain and the French Intellectuals, Modern Schoolman, 44 (1986), 60-61.

Review: Richard T. DeGeorge, Authority, in Modern Schoolman 45 (1987).

Review: Joseph Seifert, Back to Things in Themselves, Review of Metaphysics, 1988.

Review: John C. Ford, S.J., Germain Grisez, Joseph Boyle, John Finnis, and William E. May, The Teaching of Humanae Vitae: A Defense, Reflections, Vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1 & 10.

Review: Benedict Ashley, Theologies of the Body, in Linacre Quarterly, 2000.

Review: Robert P. George, Making Men Moral, in Review of Metaphysics, 2001.

Review: Robert P. George, Natural Law Theory, in American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly, 2001.

Review:  John I. Jenkins, Knowledge and Faith in Thomas Aquinas, in Faith and Philosophy 18 (2001), 127-131.